Mexica Movement: NOT Hispanic! NOT Latino!

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List of Books Related to the Word "Aztec"




Daily Life Of The Aztecs On The Eve Of The Spanish Conquest
By Jacques Soustelle

La Vida Cotidiana De Los Aztecas En Visperas De La Conquista
By Jacques Soustelle

El Universo De Los Aztecas
By Jacques Soustelle

Aztec Thought and Culture
By Miguel Leon- Portilla

The Aztec Kings
By Susan D. Gillespie

Aztec Warrior Imperial Expansion And Political Control
By Ross Hassig

The Aztec
By Nigel Davies

Aztec Warrior AD 1325-1521
By John Pohl PhD

Aztec, Mixtec, And Zapotec Armies
By John MD Pohl

Fifteen Poets Of The Aztec World
By Miguel Leon-Portilla

Aztec, Medicine, Health, And Nutrition
By Bernard R. Ortiz De Montellano

Azteca The Story Of A Jaguar Warrior
By Andrea M. Gaudiano

Representing Aztec Ritual Performance, Text, and Image In The Work Of Sahagun
Edited By Eloise Quinones Keber

Aztec Ceremonial Landscapes
Edited By David Carrasco

Time and Sacrifice In The Aztec Cosmos
By Kay Almere Read

Cantares Mexicanos: Songs of the Aztecs
Translated by John Bierhorst

Aztecs: An Interpretation
By Inga Clendinnen

Codex Chimalpopoca: As Reproduced in the History And Mythology of the Aztecs
Translated by John Bierhorst

Codice Aubin: Manuscrito Azteca de la Biblioteca Royal de Berlin, Anales en Mexicana y geroglificos desde la salida de las tribus de Aztlan
Edited by Antonio Penafiel



Food & Feasts With The Aztecs
By Imogen Dawson

If You Were There AZTEC TIMES
By Antony Mason

A Coloring Book Of Incas, Aztecs, & Mayas and Other Precolumbian Peoples
From Bellerophan Books




By Gary Jennings

The Aztec Image in Western Thought
By Benjamin Keen


How Would You Survive As An Aztec?
By Fiona McDonald

The Aztec
By Patricia McKissack

An Aztec Warrior
By Anne Steel

Aztec and Incas
By Penny Bateman

The Aztecs
By Jacqueline Dineen

The Aztecs
By Peter Hicks

The Aztecs
By Struan Reid

The Aztecs
By Robert Nicholson and Claire Watts

Step Into The… Aztec & Maya Worlds
By Fiona Macdonald

By Elizabeth Baquedano

The Aztecs
By Tim Wood

The Aztec News
By Philip Steele

One Day In Aztec Mexico
By G.B Kirtland

Poems Of The Aztec Peoples
Translated By Edward Kissam and Michael Schmidt

Footsteps In Time The Aztecs
By Sally Hewitt

World Book Encyclopedia Presents Aztecs
From Two-Can Publishing

AZTEC & INCAS A Guide To The Pre-Colonized Americas In 1504
By Sue Nicholsan

Aztecs The Fall Of The Aztec Capital Witness…. The Spanish Conquest Of Mexico
By Richard Platt

An Aztec Herbal The Classic Codex Of 1522
By William Gates

Templo Mayor: The Aztec Vision of place
By David Carrasco

Star Gatherers and Wobbling Suns: Astral Symbolism in the Aztec World
By David Carrasco

To Change Place: Aztec ceremonial landscapes
By David Carrasco

Religion and Empire: The dynamics of Aztec and Inca Expansion
By Arthur Demerest and Conrad Geoffrey

La flor letal: Economca del sacrificio Azteca
By Christian Duverger

The Misunderstood Case of the Flayed Princess or The Honor of the Aztecs Restored
By Robert Hall

The Ecological Basis for Aztec Sacrifice
By Michael Harner

Decipherment and Some Implications of Aztec Numerical Glyphs.
By Herbert R. Harvey and Barbara J. Williams

Spiritual Warfare in Mexico: Christianity and the Aztecs
By Jorge J. Klor De Alva

The Work of Bernardino de Sahagun: Pioneer Ethnographer of Sixteenth Century Aztec Mexico
Edited By Jorge Klor De Alva, H.B Nicholson and Eloise Quinones Keber

Native Mesoamerican Spirituality: Poems from the Aztec
Edited By Miguel Leon-Portilla

Aztec Cannibalism: An Ecological Necessity
By Bernard R. Ortiz de Montellano

A Survey of Aztec Numbers and Their Uses
By Stanley E. Payne and Michael P. Closs

Codex Telleriano- Remensis: Ritual, Divination, and History in a Pictorial Aztec Manuscript
By Eloise Quinones Keber

The Fleeting Moment: Cosmogony, Eschatology, and Ethics in Aztec Religion and Society
By Kay A. Read

Negotiating the Familiar and The Strange in Aztec Ethics
By Kay A. Read

Regional Variations in the Painted Manuscripts of the Aztec Empire
(Paper presented at symposium, “Strategies of Aztec Empire Building”)
By Elizabeth Hill Boone

The Aztec Templo Mayor
Edited by Elizabeth Hill Boone

The Aztec And Maya Papermakers
By Victor Wolfgang Von Hagen

The Aztecs
By Lucian Biart, 1887

Las Instituciones Aztecas
Por R.J Novelo Ceballos, 1937

The Aztecs of Mexico
By George C. Vaillant, 1941

La Educacion De Los Aztecas
By Fernando Diaz Infante

La literatura de los Aztecas
Por Gariban F. Angel Maria

The Aztecs, Maya, And Their Predecessors
By Muriel Porter Weaver

Principles of regional and long distance trade in the Aztec Empire
By I.F. Berdan, 1988

Civilizing The Aztecs
By W. Bray, 1977

The Aztecs, People of the Sun
By Alfonso Caso, 1958

The Aztec Image of Topilzin Quetzalcoatl
By E.Q Feber, 1988

The Aztec Tlaloc: God of antiquity
By E. Pasztory, 1988

Aztec Art
By E. Pasztory, 1983

Long-distance trade under the Aztec empire
By Michael E. Smith, 1990

Aztec arrangement: the social history of pre-spanish Mexico
By R.A.M. Van Zantwijk

Everyday Life Of The Aztecs
By Warwick Bray

The Aztecs
By Michael E. Smith

Aztec Imperial Strategies
By Janet C. Berlo, 1996

How to make an Aztec Book; An investigation into the manufacture of Central Mexican codices
By Cherra Wyllie, 1994

Aztec art and Imperial expansion
By Emily Unberger and Cecilia Klein

Aztec And Maya myths
By Karl Taube, 1993

The Aztecs
By Brian M. Fagan

The Mighty Aztecs
By Gene S. Stuart

The Aztecs Then and Now
By Fernando Horcasitas

The Aztecs
By Frances F. Berdan

The Aztecs of Central Mexico: An imperial society
By Francis F. Berdan

The Aztecs: The History of the Indies of New Spain
By Diego Duran

The Aztec Templo Mayor
Edited by Elizabeth Boone

“The Aztecs” National Geographic
By Bart McDowell

The Aztec World
By Elizabeth Hill Boone

Aztecs And Spaniards
By Albert Marrin

Cortes And The Aztec Conquest
By Irwin R. Blacker

The Aztecs Under Spanish Rule
By Charles Gibson

The Aztec Image Of Self And Society
By Miguel Leon-Portilla

Review for use with Rules of the Aztec Language
By Arthur J.O. Anderson

Rules of the Aztec Language: Classical Nahuatl Grammar
By Arthur J.O. Anderson

The Aztecs Own Story As Given to Fr. Bernardino de Sahagun
Edited and Translated By Arthur J.O Anderson and Charles E. Dibble

The Americas, Some Remarks on the Aztec Empire p.344-49
By Robert H. Barlow

Aztec Religion and Warfare: Past And Present Perspectives
By Elizabeth M. Brumfeil

Colonial Culhuacan, 1580-1600: A Social History of an Aztec Town
By S.L. Cline

Aztec Sorcerers in the Seventeenth Century Mexico: The Treatise on Superstitions by Hernando Ruiz de Alarcon
Edited and Translated By Michael D. Coe and Gordan Whittaker

The Inca And Aztec States, 1400-1800
By G.A.R.I. Rosaldo Collier and J.D. Wirth

Aztecs: Reign Of Blood & Splendor
By The Editors Of The Time-Life Books

Quetzalcoatl and the Irony of Empire: Myths and Prophecies in the Aztec Tradition
By David Carrasco

The Aztec Man and Tribe
By Victor Wolfgang Von Hagen

The Great Temple and Aztec Gods
By Doris Heyden and Luis Francisco Villasenor

The Aztecs
By Eduardo Matos Moctezuma

The Great Temple of The Aztecs: Treasures of Tenchtitlan
By Eduardo Matos Moctezuma

Art of Aztec Mexico: Treasures of Tenochtitlan
By H.B. Nicholson

Costume and Control: Aztec Sumptuary Laws
By Patricia Anawalt

Understanding Aztec Human Sacrifice
By Patricia Anawalt

What Price Aztec Pageantry
By Patricia Anawalt

The Cost of Courage in Aztec Society
By Inga Clendinnen

The Aztecs
By Bart McDowell

Empirical Aztec Medicine
By Bernard Ortiz de Montellano

Law and Poitics in Aztec Texcoco
By Jerome A. Offner

Economies and Polities in the Aztec Realm
Edited by Mary G. Hodge and Michael E. Smith

Los Aztecas
By Elizabeth Baquedan

La religion de los Aztecas
Por Enciclopedia ilustrada Mexicana

El derecho de los Aztecas
By J. Kohler, 1924

The Aztecs of Mexico: Origin, Rise, and Fall of the Aztec Nation
By George C. Vaillant

The Aztecs: People of the Sun
By Alfonso Caso

Montezuma: Lord of the Aztecs
By C.A. Burland







On this AZTEC INFORMATION web site you will find a lot of information about the word Aztec, Aztecs, Aztlan, and the word that many of you have never heard, Mexica (Meh-shee-kah). 

This information is presented by the Mexica Movement.  We are an Nican Tlaca (Indigeous) rights educatonal organization for people of Mexican, "Central American", and "Native American" people of the continent that is called "North America". 

On this website we are introducing you to all aspects of the word Aztec.  We are also listing for you many of the book titles that you can find at your local library or that you can order from your local bookstore or from on the internet.  We also list books that are no longer in print or are no longer easily available but that are related to the word Aztec.

There are many books today that are related to the word Aztec, which were written in reference to people who built one of the world's greatest civilizations in the world prior to the European invasion of 1519, the people who were our ancestors, the Mexica.   Again we the proper and correct name of the people who are called Aztecs and who built the marvelous city of Tenochtitlan, is Mexica. 

We never called ourselves Aztec.  Not even the Spaniards called us Aztec.  Aztec is the 19th century invention of one Englishman named Kingsborough and one American named Prescott. 

Many of the books that we will be presenting to you on this page are books that make up the Mexica Movement's Library, while others will be books and articles that are used as reference in our research.

Because the Mexica Movement is an Indigenous right educational organization, we have made it our responsibility to properly introduce the books and articles related to the Mexica which are improperly called Aztec.

In most cases when we are introduced to the word Aztec we are given the racist and self-serving version of the civilization of the Mexica.  We are told that the Mexica of the valley of Mexico who encountered Hernan Cortez and his Spanish soldiers in the beginning of the sixteenth century were inferior to the Europeans.

The sixteenth century Spaniards were left in amasement as they trespassed into the city of Tenochtitlan, where for the first time they saw government assigned street cleaners beautifying a city that was the home of a population of 350,000 people.  London was Europe's largest city and it only had a population of about 80,000 people. 

Little by little you will see the lies that we have all been fed about the Mexica (Aztecs).

The word Aztec is a real word derived from the word Aztlan.  Aztlan was the ancestral northern home of several groups of people that migrated into the valley of Mexico and its surrounding areas.  We are talking about the people of Tenochtitlan (Mexica), Tlaxcala, Chalco, Xochimilco, Malinalco, Texcoco, and Huexotzingo. The different waves of these northern migrants all knew that they had a common origin in Aztlan and Chicomoztoc, which was different from the majority of the people in what became known as the Valley of Mexico.

The word Aztec is consistently misused to only identify the Mexica as coming from Aztlan-Chicomoztoc while leaving out the other groups that settled in the valley of Mexico who are also of Aztlan origin.

We must add that the Mexica never called themselves Aztecs, we say this because not one document (primary source) exists today where the Mexica called themselves Aztecs.  The names that the Mexica did call themselves were Culhua or Tenochca, which can be found in primary sources like the Florentine Codices. The Florentine Codices are a series of books written in the middle of the sixteenth century by a Spanish priest who was commissioned by the Spanish government to study the every day life of the Mexica.

As you begin researching on the Mexica (“Aztec”) we will point out what authors we recommend and in what books you should begin your research of the word “Aztec”.

More material will be added to this preface to the "Aztec Information Homepage".

Links will also be added.







Everything you need  to know about our heritage.













FACTS  Y O U   S H O U L D   K N O W !

MEXICA    Mexica (Meh-shee-kah) is the original Nahuatl (the so-called Aztec language) way of pronouncing Mexican, Mexicano, and Chicano and Chicana. The Mexica was the last of our great Anahuac civilizations (1325 to 1521).  Mexica is the only one of our cultures and civilizations which has enough surviving material from which we can reconstruct our Anahuac nation.  The Mexica were victims of an ethnocide that left no one today who can authentically call themselves Mexica, much like in Italy there is no one who can authentically call themselves Roman.  Therefore, the rest of us who have lost all of our civilization identity and culture or tribal identity and culture, and even those of us who have a civilization or tribal identity, can and should embrace Mexica identity as a collective identity for all of us that we use in order to reconstruct our Anahuac nation and as a means of Liberation.  Mexica does not negate Maya or Huichol or Comanche or Shoshone or any of our other Nican Tlaca (Indigenous) civilizations or cultures.  Mexica is our point of unity and our means of reconstructing all of our nation.

ANAHUAC    Anahuac (Ah-nah-wak) is the true name of our nation. We are all part of the Anahuac civilization that gave us the Olmeca, Zapoteca, Teotihuacan-Toltec, Maya and Mexica civilizations. The Mexica part of our Anahuac heritage is how we can reconstruct ourselves as a Nican Tlaca (Indigenous) nation, as the Anahuac Nation. We have historic, cultural, linguistic, and racial factors that make us one Anahuac nation, which includes all of our civilizations and cultures. The Mexica heritage gives us a history, language, theology, and study base from which we can rebuild all of our Anahuac heritage.  We are a beautiful mosaic of civilizations and cultures throughout this whole continent that Europeans call "America".  But this is not "America", this is Anahuac.

NICAN TLACA    Nican Tlaca is our Nahuatl (Mexica) language way of saying "We the people here", in reference to all of us who are Indigenous to Cemanahuac (what Europeans call "the Western Hemisphere") and more specific to Anahuac which is the northern part of Cemanahuac (which is falsely called "North America"). Nican Tlaca refers to all of the people of our race in the "Western Hemisphere".  We are not Indians or indios because those are the people of a nation called India.  We are also not "Native American" because we are not related to Amerigo Vespucci, nor do we accept the concept of "Native" because it is always used in a derogatory manner.  Notice how there are no "Native" Europeans.

NOT MESTIZO    Mestizo is a racist term imposed on us by the Europeans.  Mestizo (Mixed-blood)as an identity denies us our full humanity, it enslaves us to the European world.  Full-blood or Mixed-blood we are still Nican Tlaca. Being Mixed-blood (so-called Mestizo) does not stop us from being Nican Tlaca, no matter how "white" one looks. The shades and physical looks of our Mixed-blood people are just scars from the rape of our nation. The scars do not define us! Our history, our heritage, and our continent ARE what defines us.

"CENTRAL AMERICA"    "Central America" was artificially created in 1823. Before that date we were all part of Anahuac. Anahuac includes Mexico, "Central America", Canada and the so-called U.S. We are not "Central Americans", therefore we use that term it quotes to reject it; while at the same time we know that most of our people are ignorant to its racist and colonial terms and that is the only way that they will know what we are talking about.  Much like us using the English or Spanish language, we use them in order to communicate with our people but we know that they are not our languages.  If we wrote the whole website just in Nahuatl or Maya the majority of our people would not understand a word of our website.

NOT HISPANIC    Hispanics are the Spaniards, the people of Spain. We are not Spaniards! We are Mexica! We are the people of Anahuac.  We are the Nican Tlaca (Indigenous people) of this continent, the true owners of this continent.  We are not Spaniards or the property of Spain.  Calling ourselves "Hispanic" denies us our true Nican Tlaca Anahuac identity, history and heritage. It enslaves us to the interests of the "Spanish" white world. Calling our people Hispanic is racist.  Calling our people Hispanic is like calling the African descent people in the U.S. Britannic because they have British names and because they speak English.

NOT LATINO    Latinos are the Latins: Southern Europeans--the Spaniards, French, and Portuguese. Calling ourselves "Latino" makes us cultural slaves of Europeans. Like Hispanic, Latino is cultural suicide. It is cultural genocide. It betrays our true Nican Tlaca ancestors.

NOT RAZA    "Raza" is not an identity. "Raza" is basically the same thing as using the Eurocentric term "Mestizo"--it takes pride in Spanish blood (what little or nothing that we may have) and puts shame in our Nican Tlaca blood and culture. Calling ourselves "Raza" is a way of saying, "I'm not an 'Indio', I have some, mostly, Spanish blood". In Mexico "Dia de la Raza" is celebrated on October 12---Columbus Day. Imagine that! We are celebrating the rape of our mothers, the rape of our nation, the enslavement of our people.

EUROPEAN, WHITE AND CRIOLLO are basically the same thing. These are "White" people who are on our continent. Europeans can call themselves "Canadian" or "American" but their homeland is still Europe and they are still trespassing on our continent. A Criollo is someone of "authentic Spanish-European" descent who is still on our land exploiting our people, our resources and our wealth. GENOCIDE as defined by Raphael Lemkin, " the planned annihilation [killing] of a national [Mexican] or racial group by a variety of actions [biological warfare, oppression, enslavement] aimed at undermining the foundations essential to the survival of the group [Nican Tlaca of Anahuac] as a group.

MEXICA MOVEMENT is leading the way with actions that defend our people, actions that provide a vision for the liberation of our people, actions that confront the racism against us and the occupation of our continent by Europeans. We declare ourselves independent from the Hispanic-Latino European colonialism and racism that has enslaved us for over 500 years.

1) Study this document and go to our website for more information:
2) Read the recommended books listed below under BIBLIOGRAPHY.
3) If you can't get your books from your local library buy them from the
4) Share your knowledge! Make good quality copies of this material and pass it on.
5) Study the materials and the website. If you live in the Los Angeles area call us at (323) 981-0352 so you can visit us, join us in activities, or to become a supporter. You can also donate money to support our movement (we are a non-profit organization).
6) Once you understand our philosophy, and you have found the courage to change your life, become a part of the Mexica Movement.




(Read in this order, please)

1 Daily Life of the Aztecs by Jacques Soustelle

2 Mexico by Michael Coe


3 Mexico Profundo by Guillermo Bonfil Batalla

4 American Holocaust by David E. Stannard

5 Anahuac Book by Olin Tezcatlipoca


6 Year 501 by Noam Chomsky

7 Colonizer's Model of the World by J.M. Blaut

8 Mexica Handbook by Olin Tezcatlipoca

9 Mexico's Indigenous Past by Lopez Austin and Lopez Lujan

10 American Indian Contributions to the World by Emory Dean Keoke & Kay Marie Porterfield

11 Skywatchers by Anthony F. Aveni


11 Lies My Teacher Told Me by James Loewen



10 Latin America: From Colonization To Globalization by Noam Chomsky

11 Encyclopedia of World History 6th Edition by Peter Stam

12 Oxford Atlas of History 2002 by Oxford Press

13 Course of Mexican History by Michael C. Meyer and William L. Sherman

14 Oxford History of Mexico 2000 by Michael Meyer and William Beezley

15 In the Language of Kings by Miguel Leon-Portilla

16 Skywatchers by Anthony F. Aveni

17 Flayed God (out of print) by Roberta and Peter Markman


© COPYRIGHT 2002-2005 Olin Tezcatlipoca



Last updated August 5, 2005